since everything that has mass and occupied some space is known as matter. the phase and state of matter are two different terms that are used interchangeably. the basic difference between a phase and a state of matter is that the state of matter elaborates the form of matter e.g., solid, liquid, or gas at a given temperature and pressure while the phase of matter explains the physical and chemical properties of matter and their composition, etc.
What are the states of matter?
state of matter is a physical condition of matter. it can be present in solid, liquid gas, and plasma states. Bose-Einstein condensate and neutron-degenerate matter are two newly discovered states of matter at extreme conditions. any of the above-mentioned stated is present at a given temperature and pressure.
What are the Phases of Matter?
On the contrary, the phase of matter deals with the physical and chemical properties of matter. matter can undergo some changes from one phase to another. this is called the transition of phase.
the phase change of matter can be understood easily by taking a daily life example. suppose that, we have a piece of dry ice (Carbon dioxide). at room temperature and pressure, it would be in the solid phase. as at 0°C water can be at a solid or gas state. by changing the temperature, we can change the phase of ice from solid to liquid or gas i.e., ice cubes turn into water or vapors.
in this way, we can understand how exactly the phase change occurs.
Difference between phase and State of matter in Tabular Form
|the Phase of the matter is a state of matter that posses uniform chemical and physical properties.||it is the form of matter at a certain temperature and pressure that may vary physical and chemical properties.|
|it has uniform properties.||its properties may or may not be uniform.|
|has only one phase.||it may have several phases.|
|the change in state or transition in the state of material does not change uniformly in this case.||the change in state or transition in the state of the material may or may not uniformly change in this case.|
Similarities between Phase and the State of Matter
- the phase and state are both terms frequently used to explain the form of matter.
- they also include types of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.
Conclusion – phase vs. State of matter
to summarize that both terms explain the form of matter but are totally different terms as consider their definitions. the difference between both terms lies in that phase explains the chemical and physical properties of matter while the state itself forms of matter at a given temperature and pressure.
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