Chemistry

Difference Between Alcohol And Phenol

alcohols are the non-aromatic compounds in which the OH group is attached to an alkyl group. while Phenols are the aromatic organic compounds in which the OH group is attached to an aryl group. the basic Difference Between Alcohol And Phenol is that one is cyclic and one is non-cyclic. in alcohols the compounds in which hydrogen of water is replaced by an alkyl group and its general formula is ROH, on the other hand, in phenol the compounds in which one hydrogen atom is replaced by an aryl group and its general formula is C6H5OH.

Difference Between Alcohol And Phenol in tabular Form

Alcohol Phenol
alcohol belongs to the organic compounds that have at least one hydroxyl functional group attached to a carbon atom. Phenols, on the other hand, are organic compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group that is attached to an aromatic system of hydrocarbons (arene).
it is featured as a hydroxyl group that is attached with aliphatic hydrocarbons. Phenols usually contain aromatic hydrocarbons.
due to the compression with phenol, they are less acidic. Phenols are relatively more acidic in nature and should, therefore, be diluted before usage.
alcohols are primarily used at a large scale in alcoholic beverages as the main ingredient. there are also many uses of alcohol in different industries like the ink and pharma industry. Phenols are mainly used in medicinal products as antiseptic agents.
they are colorless mostly, and they usually exist in the liquid state. Phenols are colorless solids that usually exist as crystals at STP.
Alcohols show no impact or reaction during tests as they are mostly neutral. Phenol can change litmus paper red as they are acidic in nature.

What is Alcohol?

Ethyl alcohol, or simply alcohol is the only type of alcohol that people drink without seriously harming themselves, and then only if it hasn’t been denatured or doesn’t contain toxic impurities. Primary alcohols oxidize to form aldehydes, then aldehydes oxidize for producing carboxylic acids.

The alcohols can oxidize once, and resulting in ketones are called secondary alcohols. It refers to any chemical having an -OH functional group (hydroxyl) bound to a saturated carbon atom.

one alcohol can be a substitute for another alcohol in some cases. Alcohol is a distinct molecule, which has its own melting point, boiling point, reactivity, toxicity, and other properties. They are colorless mostly, and they usually exist in the liquid state. Alcohol is less acidic as compared to phenol.

What is Phenol?

The organic compound in which the (―OH) group is attached to a carbon atom that is part of an aromatic ring is also known as carbolic acid or phenol. it is similar to alcohol but form stronger hydrogen bonds. Phenols usually contain aromatic hydrocarbons.

Phenols are relatively more acidic in nature and should, therefore, be diluted before usage. It is mainly used in medicinal products as antiseptic agents.

Phenol is more soluble in water than alcohol and has a high boiling point. It occurs either while solids or colorless liquids are at room temperature and are highly toxic and caustic. It is widely used in household products and as intermediates for industrial synthesis.

Uses of Phenol

It is used as a starting material to make plastics, explosives such as picric acid, and drugs such as aspirin. Phenols are mainly used in medicinal products as antiseptic agents.

You May Also Like:

 

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button