Although generally, data and information are used to describe the same thing, for the professional in information technology these terms mean different things. In the following article, I’ll discuss the difference between data and information in detail so that we can contribute a little more to clarify these concepts. Therefore, we can understand their differences and can apply the concepts in their daily tasks. The major difference between data and information is that data refers to facts, events, transactions, etc., which have been recorded. Data is the raw input from which the information is produced. On the contrary, information is the data that has been processed and communicated in such a way that can be understood and interpreted by the recipient. This difference is quite significant. Both terms should not be confused, especially within the computer and computational field, as well as within the area of communications.
A computer can be a basic example of information. The computer uses programming scripts, multiple formulas, or software applications to turn data into information.
Difference Between Data And Information In Tabular Form
|The unorganized and unrefined facts are known as data.||The processed, organized data is presented in a meaningful context known as information.|
|It is an individual unit that consists of raw materials that do not carry any specific meaning.||It is a group of data that collectively carries a logical meaning.|
|Measured in bits and bytes.||Measured in meaningful units like time, quantity, etc.|
|“Data” is input.||“Information” is output.|
|Doesn’t depend on information.||While it depends on data.|
|Alone raw data is insufficient for decision-making.||It is sufficient for decision making|
|A remarkable characteristic of the information is that it is a message that has a communicational sense and a social function||Data does not reflect any message and in general, it is difficult to understand by itself for any human being.|
|4885930020-33||a person’s phone number 4885930020-(33)|
|Example: The history of temperature readings all over the world for the past 100 years is data.||Example: When data is organized and analyzed to find that global temperature is rising, then this is information.|
What Do You Know?
The “information” and “data” are inextricably linked, whether one recognizes them as two separate words or uses them interchangeably, as is common today. Before data is turned into information, it must be collected, organized, stored, analyzed, and managed. the data will be collected in some cases on job application forums questionnaires, etc., or physically i.e. job interviews, application forms, etc. Therefore, collecting data electronically by the computer can reduce further processing.
What is Data?
Data refers to raw data or unprocessed data, not analyzed, unorganized, unrelated, uninterrupted, used to obtain information from the analysis. The basic form of data can not be processed in any way. Once the data is processed, it is referred to as information. It may be dates, names, texts, numbers, or even images that are collected as a result of observations and experiments. They generally occur in a database. Data can be structured, like what you would find in a well-designed Excel spreadsheet. It does not interpret anything while it is a meaningless entity.
What is Information?
Information refers to “news or knowledge given or received”. It is a result if you have analyzed or processed, interpreted, and organized facts. This word originates from the Latin language that means “formation or conception”. The information can be significant and relevant. Information can provide a message that contributes to decision-making when solving a problem, in addition to increasing knowledge, in the users who have access to such information. Information is an indication, intelligence, precision that we give or obtain about something.
Key differences between data and information
- Data is a single unit that consists of raw facts and figures. While information is the collection of useful data, capable of providing knowledge or information in a particular way.
- Information originates from data and therefore data is not information-based.
- The data couldn’t specify anything; there is no relationship between pieces of data when the information is specific and there is a correlation.
- “Data” is input. It must be processed and organized in a particular way to generate output, i.e. information.
- Data has no meaning whereas information has some meaning.