Difference Between Mitochondria And Plastids

Mitochondria is an organelle consisting of a double membrane. it also includes cristae and matrix. mitochondria organelle is present almost in all plant and animal eukaryotic cells. on the other hand, Plastid is a double membrane organelle that is found in some particular eukaryotic cells. it also contains stored food and pigments. moreover, it is not present in animal cells. the basic difference between Mitochondria And Plastids is that Mitochondria do not contain any pigment and are found in all eukaryotic cells. while plastids contain pigments and are found in algae and plant cells only.

Difference Between Mitochondria And Plastids in Tabular Form


Mitochondria Plastids
The mitochondria is an organelle that has a double membrane. It consists of cristae and matrix. A plastid is an organelle with a double membrane. Function – photosynthesis and production and storage of food.
Found in all eukaryotes. Found in plant cells and algae only.
Function – respiration and production of energy. Function – respiration and production of energy.
Pigments are absent. So, they are colorless. It has different pigments. So, they are colorful.
Bean shape. Disc shape.
Types- based on the cell. There are 3 types of plastid- leucoplast, chloroplast and chromoplast.
Organelle DNA- Mitochondria have their own DNA inside the organelle. Organelle DNA – only chloroplasts have their own DNA.
Folds are present in the inner membrane. No folds in the inner membrane.
Produces ATP Produces glucose and stores it as starch
Smaller in size Comparatively larger in size
Pigments are absent Pigments are present


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