Difference Between Neurosis And Psychosis

There are two distinct types of mental disorders i.e. neurosis and psychosis. Neurosis is a minor disorder that is characterized by physical and mental disturbances. While Psychosis is a major disorder related to personality characterized by emotional and psychological disruptions. If an individual’s mental health is disrupted due to many reasons, it may result in a mental illness, that will eventually proceed into a state that interferes with day-to-day life, ultimately regressing the quality of life.

There are various types of mental illnesses, identified among the general population, and the most common ones like Psychosis and Neurosis. Neurosis and psychosis are not similar types of mental disorders in the aspects of symptoms, pathology, treatments, and prognosis. The major difference between neurosis and psychosis is that neurosis is a light mental disorder that occurs due to many reasons like depression, stress, depression, or anxiety. On the other hand, Psychosis is a personality disorder that occurs due to mental or emotional disturbance. In this article, you will learn about the causes and effects of neurosis and psychosis and the difference between them.

Difference Between Neurosis And Psychosis in Tabular Form



Neurosis is a light mental disorder that occurs due to many reasons like depression, stress, depression, or anxiety. Psychosis is a major personality disorder that disturbs one’s emotional and mental aspects of life.
Neurosis is less significant than is only a mental impact that can be cured by support from peers and also discussions with experts. Psychosis is a severe ailment that is both emotional and functional.
Neurasthenia, fearful neurosis, hysteria, neuroses of compulsive conditions, etc. are major types of neurosis. schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder; delusions: paranoia, chronic hallucinatory psychosis, paraphrenia; epilepsy; senile or pre-senile dementia, etc. are major types of psychosis.
This results in a temporary change in the personality along with a mid-loss of insight. Complete change of personality with a considerable loss of insight.
It partially lost contact with reality. completely lost contact with reality.
Hallucinations and delusions are not present. Hallucinations and delusions are present
Does not affect the personality Complete change of personality
Low-risk of self-harm Higher-risk of self-harm
Communication and language are not affected The certain discrepancy in communication and language
The affected person can take care of themselves and there is no necessity for hospitalization. The affected person cannot take care of themselves and must get treated at the hospital.

What is Neurosis?

Neurosis is the psychoneurosis or mental disorder that causes a sense of distress and deficit in functioning. It is characterized by anxiety, physical and mental disturbances, depression, or other feelings of unhappiness or distress that are out of proportion to the circumstances of a person’s life. They may impair a person’s functioning in virtually any area of life, relationships, or external affairs, while they are not severe enough to incapacitate the person. The affected person normally does not suffer from the loss of the sense of reality seen in persons with psychoses.

Types of Neurosis Disorders

  • Neurasthenia
  • Fearful neurosis
  • Hysteria
  • Neuroses of compulsive conditions
  • Impulse control disorder
  • Anxiety

Causes Of Neurosis

  • Anxiety neurosis
  • Depressive neurosis
  • Obsessive-compulsive neurosis
  • Somatization is formerly known as hysterical neurosis

Sadness, depression, irritability, anxiety, anger, confusion are involved in neurosis disorders. It is the inability of a person to change their life pattern and unable to develop a more complex, satisfying personality. It is normally rooted in ego defense strategies, while both are not the same. Defense strategies are a common way of maintaining a sense of self. The thoughts that give rise to struggle or difficulties can be called neurosis.

Treatment For Neurosis Disorders

The patient can also be cured by watching or learning by activities. Discussing thoughts which contribute to the symptoms of neuroses and gradually replacing those thoughts with better interpretations of surroundings can be quite useful in curing neurosis.

What is Psychosis?

Psychosis is a major mental illness that can cause delusions, hallucinations, serious defects in judgment and other cognitive processes, and the inability to evaluate reality objectively. This term is derived from the Greek word “psyche” meaning “soul,” “mind,” or “breath.” The affected persons become unsure about what is real and what is not real and usually experiences hallucinations, delusions, off-the-wall behavior, chaotic speech, and incoherency. Delusions and hallucinations are most often caused by a disturbance or change in brain function. A phenomenon evinced by persons with psychosis that do not know or will not believe that they are ill despite the distress they feel and their obvious confusion concerning the outside world. Most psychoses are now believed to result from some biochemical or structural change in the brain.

Read Also: What is a hallucination?

Types of Psychosis

  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar affective disorder
  • Delusions: paranoia
  • Chronic hallucinatory psychosis
  • Paraphrenia; epilepsy;
  • Senile or pre-senile dementia

Causes of Psychosis

Psychosis is caused by genetic, biochemical, and environmental factors. There are many other factors that may cause the psychosis:

  • Genetics
  • Trauma
  • Substance abuse
  • Environmental factors
  • Physical illness or injury

Treatment of Psychosis

The treatment consists of moral and social support, medicines can also be prescribed.

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