Chemistry

Difference Between Nuclear Reaction And Chemical Reaction

Nuclear Reaction is a type of reaction in which two nuclei or a nucleus and an external subatomic particle interact to produce one or more new nuclei. on the other hand, a chemical reaction leads to the chemical transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. the basic Difference Between Nuclear Reaction And Chemical Reaction is that nuclear reactions involve the emission of alpha, beta, and gamma particles from the nuclei and the reaction are balanced in terms of both mass and energy and energy is evolved in MeV. while the chemical reaction involves some loss, gain, or overlap of outer orbital electrons of the atoms of the reactants. the energy changes in this reaction are very much less when compared with nuclear reactions. in tabular Form

Difference Between Nuclear Reaction And Chemical Reaction in Tabular Form

Nuclear Reaction Chemical Reaction
The nuclear reaction involves a change in an atom’s nucleus, usually producing a different element, along with the emission of radiations chemical Reaction involves only a rearrangement of electrons and does not involve changes in the nuclei.
It happens only inside the nucleus. A chemical reaction occurs outside the nucleus.
it is a reaction in which one or more nuclides are produced by the collisions between atomic nuclei or subatomic particles & atomic nucleus it is a process in which reactants react chemically and convert into products by chemical transformation.
Nuclear reactions are irreversible. inhale oxygen which reacts with glucose and produces carbon dioxide, water, and energy.
in these reactions, the nuclei of atoms change completely and new elements are formed. In a chemical reaction, elements hold their identity and the nuclei of atoms also remain unchanged.
in nuclear reactions, energy changes accompanying nuclear reactions are relatively higher and larger there is a low energy change in such reactions.
Nuclear reactions do not follow the law of conservation of mass Chemical reactions follow the law of conservation of mass.
Neutrons and protons also participate in these reactions. Electrons present in orbits participate in these reactions.
In a nuclear reaction, mass is not strictly conserved. These are influenced by external effects like temperature, pressure, and catalysts.

What is Nuclear Reaction?

The change in the characteristics/identity of an atomic nucleus induced by bombarding it with an energy particle is called a nuclear reaction. The particles that are bombarded may be an alpha particle, a neutron, a gamma-ray photon, a proton, or a heavy ion. The particle that is bombarded must have the energy to approach the positively charged nucleus to within range of the strong nuclear force. The nuclear reaction involves a change in an atom’s nucleus, usually producing a different element, along with the emission of radiation. A nuclear reaction is irreversible and it happens only inside the nucleus. A heavy target nucleus and a light bombarding particle are the two main components of nuclear reactions. The bombarding of particles produces two new particles, that a heavier product nucleus and a lighter ejected particle. Neutrons and protons also participate in a nuclear reaction.

What is Chemical Reaction?

These reactions occur when a chemical bond between atoms is formed or broken. It is a process when one or more substances react together and are converted into the product is called a chemical reaction. Substances are either chemical compounds or elements. A chemical reaction is that which rearranges the constituent atoms of the reactants to form different substances as products. A Chemical Reaction involves only a rearrangement of electrons and does not involve changes in the nuclei. In a chemical reaction in which reactants react chemically and convert into products by chemical transformation. In chemical reactions, elements hold their identity and the nuclei of atoms also remain unchanged. For example

Fe + O → FeO …….. (1)

2 Fe(s) + O2(g) → 2 FeO(s) ………. (2)

For The chemical reaction, Equation 2 is the balanced equation.

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