The importance of natural resources is essential for the origin of all species with life on earth. It has been divided into two categories: renewable and non-renewable. Renewable and non-renewable resources are used by human beings and when life was to end it would not be as comfortable as it is now. The difference between Renewable And Non-Renewable Resources is that renewable resources are natural resources that can be renewed at the rate of their consumption, being in a potentially unlimited quantity Whereas Nonrenewable resources are natural resources that cannot be regenerated at the same rate as their consumption, and they run out over time. These resources are generally used in the production of different types of energy.
What is meant by a resource?
A resource is an element that is used to produce, directly or indirectly. They have an economic production value and can be potential, be in use, or be in reserves. Natural resources are kinds of resources that occur in nature and while are used in their natural state or after being processed. It is possible to reproduce/regenerate them or, instead, be depleted due to their consumption. These resources are used for mankind’s consumptions, in the production of energy, goods, and/or in services.
What are Renewable Resources?
The resources are those that cannot be depleted while they can be restored through natural processes; at a faster rate than they are consumed. For example, trees are renewable; while even when you cut them, they can easily grow back. Air, water, animals, etc. are also renewable resources. Of these, the first two are renewed in cycles. But something very important to take into account is that even if they are renewed, we cannot exceed their use, we must handle them carefully so that we do not spend these resources at a faster rate than they are renewed and we must face a shortage of them. Renewable resources are replaceable, when the consumption rate is greater than the renewal rate, sustainability will be affected, a situation that year after year is seen more frequently in several aforementioned resources.
Examples of renewable resources
- solar radiation
- Wind and tides.
- Biomass and Biofuels.
- Animal population for human consumption that is kept in reproduction.
- Manufactured items such as recycled paper.
- Tree forests have an accelerated growth cycle.
Characteristics of renewable resources
- They can regenerate almost or faster than they are consumed.
- May or may not require human intervention for their generation.
- They can be found in unlimited quantities.
- Their production is generally friendly to the environment.
- In most cases, obtaining energy from these resources requires a high initial economic investment.
- The behavior of some of these resources can be unpredictable.
Advantages of renewable resources
- They are found in abundant quantities.
- The operating expenses to obtain it are low.
- They are very clean and do not harm the Earth.
Disadvantages of Renewable Resources
- They are not efficient for long-term energy production.
- They are expensive at the beginning of their production (at the time of exploitation).
- They can be very noisy.
What are Non-Renewable Resources?
Nonrenewable resources take a long time to renew and/or exist in limited quantity, being that human consumption can deplete their reserves. Basically, the more these types of resources are used, the more scarce they become while nonrenewable energy resources cannot regenerate naturally in the short term.
Examples of non-renewable resources
- Petroleum and its derivatives
- Mineral carbon
- Nuclear energy
- Natural gas
- Most Underground water settlements
Characteristics of nonrenewable resources
- Cannot regenerate or they do it slowly.
- Their consumption rate is greater than that of its regeneration.
- Are relatively easy to obtain.
- It is easy to obtain a lot of energy from these at a relatively low economic cost.
- Its use and exploitation have a negative impact on the environment.
Advantages of non-renewable resources
- These resources are relatively cheap.
- They are proved very efficient.
- They produce a lot of energy in a short time.
Disadvantages of non-renewable resources
- Generally, nonrenewable resources disappear in the end.
- They are not clean.
- They threaten the environment.
Difference Between Renewable And Nonrenewable Resources In Tabular Form
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