Difference Between Sodium Carbonate And Sodium Bicarbonate

both the terms totally differ from each other as Sodium bicarbonate is commonly known as baking soda and sodium carbonate is referred to as soda ash or washing soda. the basic difference between Sodium Carbonate And Sodium Bicarbonate is that sodium carbonate has a formula Na2CO3 and is made up of sodium and acid while sodium bicarbonate given the formula NaHCo3 and is made up of sodium, hydrogen, and acid.

Difference Between Sodium Carbonate And Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Carbonate Sodium Bicarbonate
It is also known as soda ash or washing soda. It is also known as baking soda.
Sodium Carbonate has the chemical formula Na2CO3 Sodium Bicarbonate has a chemical formulaNaHCO3.
It is made up of sodium and acid It comes with sodium, acid, and hydrogen
The common name is Soda Ash The common name is Baking Soda
It contains sodium, oxygen, and carbon atoms. It contains sodium, oxygen, carbon atoms along with hydrogen.
it is a stronger base compound and is diprotic. It is monoprotic and has a weak base.
Sodium carbonate is mainly used in industrial areas. Sodium Bicarbonate is mainly used for household purposes.
Sodium Carbonate regulates and neutralizes the high acidity level of the blood sodium carbonate is used for body processes or reactions.


Sodium carbonate having formula (Na2CO3) is the sodium salt of carbonic acid and is known as soda ash or washing soda. on the other hand, while sodium bicarbonate is known for food grade. its formula is NaHCO3. it is a baking soda and also is considered a sodium salt. sodium carbonate contains sodium, carbon, and oxygen atoms, whereas sodium bicarbonate contains sodium, carbon, oxygen atoms along with a hydrogen atom.

neglecting their differences, both are two salts that are used for many foods. the sodium itself is a salt having the symbol Na. it is a white colored metal that is very soft and reacting that is extracted from different oxides and does not occur naturally. it is very fast reactive with water also due to the contact of air.

as sodium itself is a salt that is very important for living beings on earth. it makes efficient the transmission of nerve impulses. due to the more reactive capability, it is mainly found in the form of various compounds like sodium chloride (NaCl), baking soda (NaHCO)3), soda ash (Na2CO3), caustic soda (NaOH), etc.

What is Sodium Carbonate (Na2CO3)?

it is commonly known as soda ash or washing soda which is a salt of carbonic acid. it is acted as a water softener and is commonly used at home. it can be extracted from the ashes of many plants but is mainly extracted from table salt (NaCl) with the help of the Solvay process.

it is also equally important in the glass production industry. the glass is formed when three metals i.e. silicon dioxide and calcium carbonate along with sodium carbonate are heated and suddenly cooled.

What is Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)?

it is also known as salt and is commonly known as baking soda. the presence of hydrogen without one sodium ion makes him bicarbonate which is excessively used in baking products. it is a white solid and is mostly found in powder form. it can be equally dissolved in water with the same taste as sodium carbonate.

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