Chemistry

Difference Between Starch And Cellulose

we explain that Starch is a soft, white, tasteless powder that is insoluble in cold water, alcohol, etc. and the chemical formula of the starch molecule is (C6H10O5)n. whereas Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate or polysaccharide and the chemical formula of cellulose is (C6H10O5)n. the basic Difference Between Starch And Cellulose is that starch is a rigid structural polysaccharide that is a main storage carbohydrate source in plants. on the other hand, Cellulose is a rigid structural polysaccharide that is a main structural component of the cell wall of plants.

Difference Between Starch And Cellulose in Tabular Form

Starch

Cellulose

It is a  glucose polymer in which all repeat units are directed in one direction and connected by alpha bonds. It is a glucose polymer that units can be rotated around the axis of a backbone of glucose unit polymer chains, and are connected by beta links.
Enzymes can break it down into glucose. It is a natural organic compound and is a fundamental component of plant cells.
They are connected by alpha linkage. They are connected by beta-linkage.
It consists of two ingredients-amylose and amylopectin Cellulose is a straight-chain polysaccharide with β – D-glucose units joined by glycosidic linkage C1-C4 (β-link)
Hydrogen bonding and easily dissolves in water. No hydrogen bonding and does not dissolve in water.
Starches store energy in the form of carbohydrates. Cellulose stores energy to form a specific structure of plants.
coiled and unbranched long, straight, unbranched chains forming Hydrogen-bonding with the adjacent chains
starch forms Grain. Cellulose forms fibers.
The starch is found in the plant. Cellulose is found in the (only) cell wall of the plant.

What is starch?

Starch is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of glucose units combined with glycosidic bonds. It is an organic chemical that is produced by all green plants and is a soft, white, tasteless powder that is insoluble in cold water, alcohol, or other solvents.

starch is grain and its main source is potatoes, wheat, corn, and rice. in starch, the carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and are used as a source of energy and metabolism aim.

The starch molecule has a chemical formula (C6H10O5)n. They are connected by alpha linkage. Enzymes can break it down into glucose. They contain hydrogen bonding and easily dissolves in water.

What is cellulose?

Cellulose is a glucose polymer comprised of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. cellulose is a complex carbohydrate that consists of 3000 glucose units. It is a fundamental component of plant cells. These units are rotated around the axis of the backbone of glucose unit polymer chains, and these are connected by beta linkage.

They are connected by beta-linkage. Cellulose does not contain hydrogen bonding and does not dissolve in water.

Cellulose is a complex carbohydrate or polysaccharide and the chemical formula of cellulose is (C6H10O5)n. one of the main functions of cellulose is to provide strength and rigidity to plant cells.

You May Also Like:

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button