Difference Between Wildlife Sanctuary And National Park

The basic difference between a wildlife sanctuary and a national park is that activities by humans are not allowed at all in a national park. Whereas, the rights of some limited human activities are provided within the confines of a wildlife sanctuary.


Wildlife sanctuary constitutes the main natural heritage throughout the world. Continued industrialization and deforestation have posed a threat of extinction for wildlife. To preserve and preserve the country’s natural heritage, sanctuaries, national parks, biosphere reserves, etc. are reserved. Wildlife sanctuary refers to an area that provides protection and favorable living conditions for wild animals. On the contrary, National parks provide protection to the whole ecosystem as a whole. The regions of the national park can be divided into flora, fauna, landscape, etc. In the end, biosphere reserves are protected areas, which tend to preserve the genetic diversity of birds, plants, etc.

Definition of Wildlife sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary is a place reserved solely for the use of wildlife that includes animals, insects, birds, reptiles, etc. It provides safe and healthy habitat and conditions for living organisms for wild animals especially endangered and rare ones. So they can live peacefully throughout their life and keep their population viable. The guards or rangers are in charge of patrolling this region for the management of the sanctuary. They ensure the safety of animals, from poaching, predation or harassment.

Definition of National Park

The area that is designated solely by the government for the conservation of fauna and biodiversity due to its natural, cultural, and historical significance is referred to as a national park. The national park is known ad home to millions of birds, insects, animals, microorganisms, etc. It is home to different genes and species that provides them with a safe and healthy environment. National parks also provide amusement of the environmental and landscape heritage, in a way and with those means that do not cause harm to it, so as to offer enjoyment to future generations and also conserve wildlife. Different activities such as planting, cultivation, grazing, hunting, and predation of animals, the destruction of flowers are highly prohibited. The IUCN has declared national parks in category II of protected areas. Permission from the competent authorities is required to visit national parks.



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