What is a Mixture in Chemistry: in Chemistry, Any system consists of many substances. Mixtures and Substances are very important. substances can be pure or a mixture of some substances.
in this article, we are going to learn about:
- What is a Mixture?
- Examples of Mixtures
- Characteristics of Mixtures
What is a Mixture?
in chemistry, A mixture is a combination of two or more substances in such a way that no chemical reaction occurs between them. pure substances always consist of a single type of Molecule. for example, water in its original form consists of only of water molecules. also, pure sugar contains only sugar molecules. we can separate mixtures at any time into their constituent substances.
but, pure substances are rare in nature. different substances are commonly mixed with each other everywhere. it is very common in chemistry that mixtures are consist of different substances mixed with each other or have different kinds of molecules in which all the atoms or molecule retain their own chemical identity.
there are several methods that produce mixtures like diffusion or osmosis but the most common ways are mechanical.
since, all the components of mixtures retain their properties however, in the mixture the physical properties may be changed as of their components. for example, mixing alcohol and water may change their melting point and boiling point as their individual constituent substances.
Examples of mixtures
- Sand and water
- Raspberry Juice
- Solutions, colloids, suspensions
- Diluted sulfuric acid
- Salt and water
- Ethanol in water
- Sugar and salt
- Salt and pepper
Examples that are not mixtures
- Mixing Flour and Water and Making Bread
- Borax and glue to make mucus
- Baking soda and vinegar
What is a Mixture and Classification or Types of mixtures
since we know that what is a mixture? let’s know about the different types of mixtures. basically, there are two types of mixtures i.e., homogeneous mixtures that consist of a single-phase and heterogeneous mixtures that consist of two or more phases.
in addition to that, homogeneous mixtures have a uniform composition that cannot be separated easily. they have the same properties in all parts. solvent and solute both take part in making a homogeneous mixture that converts into a single phase mixture. air is a good example of such a type of mixture. they can also contain any number type of components. usually, they possess small sizes of particles.
on the other hand, Heterogeneous mixtures do not show uniform properties. they can easily be separated into their components and particles can also be seen easily. wet sponges, sand, etc. are common examples of heterogeneous mixtures. their particles are usually large in size.
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